A tetrachotomy for positive first-order logic without equality

Madelaine, Florent and Martin, Barnaby (2011) A tetrachotomy for positive first-order logic without equality. In: Logic in Computer Science (LICS), 2011 26th Annual IEEE Symposium on. IEEE, pp. 311-320. ISBN 9781457704512. [Book Section] (doi:10.1109/LICS.2011.27)


We classify completely the complexity of evaluating positive equality-free sentences of first-order logic over a fixed, finite structure D. This problem may be seen as a natural generalisation of the quantified constraint satisfaction problem QCSP(D). We obtain a tetrachotomy for arbitrary finite structures: each problem is either in L, is NP-complete, is co-NP-complete or is P space-complete. Moreover, its complexity is characterised algebraically in terms of the presence or absence of specific surjective hyper-endomorphisms, and, logically, in terms of relativisation properties with respect to positive equality-free sentences. We prove that the meta-problem, to establish for a specific D into which of the four classes the related problem lies, is NP-hard.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Conference details: 26th Annual IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS 2011), Ontario, Canada, 21-24 June 2011. Proceedings online ISBN: 9780769544120
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science
A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science > Foundations of Computing group
Item ID: 9676
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Devika Mohan
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2013 08:49
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2018 14:52
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/9676

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