Can young children recognize emotion in the human voice?

Franco, Fabia ORCID logoORCID: and Martiskova, Jana (2010) Can young children recognize emotion in the human voice? In: Psychologická teória a prax očami absolventa KP FF TU - Proceedings of Trnava Annual Conference. Klčovanská, E. and Topoľská, A., eds. Trnavská univerzita v Trnave (Trnava University Press), Trnava (Slovakia), pp. 125-132. ISBN 9788080823870. [Book Section]


Recent research revealed that, analogously to facial expressions, vocalizations conveying basic emotions are universally recognized. This study explores the developmental trajectory of this ability. A voice/face matching task was used with 3- to 6-year-olds. In a 5 (emotions) X 4 (age groups) mixed design, in which vocalizations of the basic emotions of happiness, sadness, anger, surprise and fear were presented in randomized order on slides within a forced choice between two facial expressions to match – only one match being correct. Each emotion was presented both as target and as foil for all the remaining emotions, for a total of N=20 slides. The recognition score for each vocal emotion was 0 to 4 (no-correct to all-correct voice/face matches), and the overall score was 0 to 20 (none to all items correctly matched overall). The vocalizations were produced by five female voices from the validated Montreal Affective Voices set and the facial stimuli were selected from the validated NimStim set. The results showed overall developmental progression, with some emotions receiving high recognition scores at younger ages (e.g. anger). The discussion of the results will consider also ongoing pilot studies using different methods and a small data set of children with autism.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Language, Learning and Cognition group
Item ID: 7549
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Fabia Franco
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2013 12:34
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 17:19

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