Identifying and classifying the sources and uses of xenobiotics in urban environments

Donner, Erica, Eriksson, Eva, Holten Lützhøft, Hans-Christian, Scholes, Lian N. L. ORCID logoORCID:, Revitt, D. Mike and Ledin, Anna (2010) Identifying and classifying the sources and uses of xenobiotics in urban environments. In: Xenobiotics in the urban water cycle: mass flows, environmental processes, mitigation and treatment strategies. Fatta-Kassinos, Despo, Bester, Kai and Kümmerer, Klaus, eds. Environmental pollution. (16) . Springer Science + Business Media B.V, London, pp. 27-50. ISBN 978904813508-0. [Book Section] (doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3509-7_2)


The sources and uses of xenobiotics in urban environments are very diverse, making structured approaches
to source and use classification a fundamental requirement for effective pollution management. This
chapter provides a general introduction to the topic of substance source and use identification, highlighting
the key differences between different types of sources (e.g. processes vs. commodities; natural vs.
anthropogenic etc.) and different types of uses (e.g. active vs. passive; dispersive vs. non-dispersive,
etc.). Examples of relevant classification systems and their applications are also given, and the diversity
of potential xenobiotic sources and uses is clearly demonstrated through the description of a series of
‘archetypes’ (i.e. model examples). The chapter concludes with an overview of useful source tracking
approaches (e.g. database mining, marketing surveys, forensic approaches etc.).

Item Type: Book Section
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 4076
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Mike Revitt
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2010 10:27
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:17

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