Emerging trends in the photodynamic inactivation (PDI) applied to the food decontamination

Cossu, Marco, Ledda, Luigi and Cossu, Andrea ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4086-8640 (2021) Emerging trends in the photodynamic inactivation (PDI) applied to the food decontamination. Food Research International, 144 . p. 110358. ISSN 0963-9969 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110358)

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The food and drink manufacturing industry is constantly seeking for alternative sanitation and disinfection systems that may achieve the same antimicrobial efficiency of conventional chemical sanitisers and at the same time be convenient in terms of energy and water savings. A candidate technology for this purpose is the use of light in combination with photosensitisers (PS) to generate a bioactive effect against microbial agents in a process defined as photodynamic inactivation (PDI). This technology can be applied to the food processing of different food matrices to reduce the microbial load of foodborne pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, viruses and protozoa. Also, the PDI can be exploited to increase the shelf-life period of food by inactivation of spoiling microbes. This review analyses new developments in the last five years for PDI systems applied to the food decontamination from foodborne pathogens. The photosensitisation mechanisms and methods are reported to introduce the applied technology against microbial targets in food matrices. Recent blue light emitting diodes (LED) lamp systems for the PDI mediated by endogenous PS are discussed as well PDI technologies with the use of exogenous PS from plant sources such as curcumin and porphyrin-based molecules. The updated overview of the most recent developments in the PDI technology both in wavelengths and employed PS will provide further points of analysis for the advancement of the research on new competitive and effective disinfection systems in the food industry.

Item Type: Article
Sustainable Development Goals:
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 38021
Depositing User: Andrea Cossu
Date Deposited: 25 May 2023 11:13
Last Modified: 25 May 2023 12:51
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/38021

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