Natural flood management: Opportunities to implement nature‐based solutions on privately owned land

Thaler, Thomas, Hudson, Paul, Viavattene, Christophe ORCID logoORCID: and Green, Colin (2023) Natural flood management: Opportunities to implement nature‐based solutions on privately owned land. WIREs Water , e1637. ISSN 2049-1948 [Article] (Published online first) (doi:10.1002/wat2.1637)

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The implementation of Natural Flood Management (NFM), as an example of a nature‐based solution (NbS), is promoted as a risk reduction strategy to support sustainable flood risk management and climate change adaptation more widely. Additionally, as an NbS, NFM aims to provide further multiple benefits, such as increased biodiversity and improved water quality as well as improved mental health. The implementation of NbS often needs private‐owned or managed land, yet can create conflicts between the different stakeholders which can undermine the social consensus required for successful implementation. Consequently, a main question is how the multiple benefits and requirements of NFM can be delivered to meet the different goals of the wide variety of stakeholders who must be involved. This article discusses the challenges and potential of implementing NFM as an alternative to the traditional technical mitigation measures in flood risk management. We outline four opportunities in the implementation of NFM: physical conditions of the catchment, social interaction, financial resources, and institutional setting. Their importance is then demonstrated and compared to different examples across the globe. Nevertheless, the core drivers reflect the social interaction and institutional setting and the role of stakeholders in the successful implementation of NFM.

Item Type: Article
Sustainable Development Goals:
Keywords (uncontrolled): flood risk management, land use management, modes of governance, nature-based solutions, partnership
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Flood Hazard Research Centre
Item ID: 37332
Notes on copyright: Copyright © 2023 The Authors. WIREs Water published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
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Depositing User: Christophe Viavattene
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2023 15:28
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2023 09:53

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