The risk matrix : drug-related deaths in prisons in England and Wales, 2015-2020

Duke, Karen L. ORCID logoORCID:, Gleeson, Helen ORCID logoORCID:, MacGregor, Susanne and Thom, Betsy ORCID logoORCID: (2023) The risk matrix : drug-related deaths in prisons in England and Wales, 2015-2020. Journal of Community Psychology, 2023 . ISSN 0090-4392 [Article] (Published online first) (doi:10.1002/jcop.22989)

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Aims: This article explores the factors contributing to drug-related deaths in English and Welsh prisons between 2015-2020.
Methods: Based on content analysis of all Prison and Probation Ombudsman ‘other non-natural’ fatal incident investigation reports, descriptive statistics were generated. Qualitative analysis explored the circumstances surrounding deaths and key risk factors.
Results: Most deaths were of men, whose mean age was 39 years. Drug toxicity was a main factor in causing death, exacerbated by underlying physical health conditions and risk-taking behaviours. A variety of substances were involved. New psychoactive substances became more important over time. A high proportion had recorded histories of substance use and mental illness. During this period, the prison system was under considerable stress creating dangerous environments for drug-related harm.
Conclusion: This study highlights the process of complex interaction between substances used, individual characteristics, situational features and the wider environment in explaining drug-related deaths in prisons. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Sustainable Development Goals:
Research Areas: A. > School of Law > Criminology and Sociology
Item ID: 37132
Notes on copyright: © 2023 The Authors. Journal of Community Psychology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Depositing User: Karen Duke
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2023 10:46
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2023 11:16

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