The knowledge and attitudes regarding pressure ulcer prevention among healthcare support workers in the UK: a cross-sectional study

Liu, Liang Q. ORCID logoORCID:, Kelly, Jacinta, Di Cesare, Mariachiara ORCID logoORCID:, Allan, Helen T. ORCID logoORCID: and Traynor, Michael ORCID logoORCID: (2022) The knowledge and attitudes regarding pressure ulcer prevention among healthcare support workers in the UK: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Tissue Viability . ISSN 0965-206X [Article] (Published online first) (doi:10.1016/j.jtv.2022.11.004)

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Background: Pressure ulcers cause significant, detrimental effects on personal wellbeing. They represent a serious health and social care burden. Nurses and those working in support roles are primarily accountable for preventing pressure ulcers. Healthcare support workers are an expanding group of key workers in the UK.
Objective: To examine healthcare support workers’ knowledge and attitudes regarding pressure ulcer prevention.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2020 to June 2021, using Knowledge and Attitudes toward Pressure Ulcer Prevention Assessment Tool.
Results: A total of 164 participants completed the questionnaire fully. A low mean knowledge score of 0.42±0.14, but a positive attitude score of 0.76 ±0.10 per item were reported. The weakest areas of knowledge include aetiology, risk assessment and addressing pressure-reducing interventions for patients at risk. Higher mean scores per item in knowledge of pressure ulcer prevention were reported in participants working in acute hospital wards and nursing homes (0.468±0.15, 0.47±0.08 respectively) than those in other settings (p<0.05). Participants working in primary care scored lowest (0.33±0.12). The scores of participants with more positive attitudes towards pressure ulcer prevention significantly correlated with higher score of knowledge (p<0.005).
Conclusion: While positive attitudes towards pressure ulcer prevention exist among healthcare support workers, this is overshadowed by significant knowledge deficits. Findings highlight the importance of continuing structured education for support workers across both acute and community settings. A future national survey and interventional study are needed to examine support workers’ pressure ulcer knowledge and to inform a national continuous education strategy.

Item Type: Article
Sustainable Development Goals:
Keywords (uncontrolled): pressure ulcer prevention, knowledge, attitudes, healthcare support workers, cross-sectional design
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Adult, Child and Midwifery
Item ID: 36827
Notes on copyright: Copyright © 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Liang Liu
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2022 14:23
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2022 16:49

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