Emergency first responders and professional wellbeing: a qualitative systematic review

Bevan, Malcolm P., Priest, Sally J. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2304-1502, Plume, Ruth Charlotte ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7292-7249 and Wilson, Emma E. (2022) Emergency first responders and professional wellbeing: a qualitative systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH), 19 (22) , 14649. ISSN 1661-7827 [Article] (doi:10.3390/ijerph192214649)

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Abstract

Emergency first responders (EFRs) such as police officers, firefighters, paramedics and logistics personnel often suffer high turnover due to work-related stress, high workloads, fatigue, and declining professional wellbeing. As attempts to counter this through resilience programmes tend to have limited success, there is a need for further research into how organisational policies could change to improve EFRs’ professional wellbeing. Aim: To identify the factors that may contribute to or affect EFRs’ professional wellbeing. Methods: A systematic literature review has been carried out. Three databases (Science Direct, ProQuest, and PubMed) were searched using keywords developed based on the PICo (population, interest, and context) framework. A total of 984 articles were extracted. These were then critically appraised for the quality of the evidence presented, leading to a total of five being ultimately included for review. Results: Thematic analysis revealed that although EFRs may be exposed daily to traumatic events, factors that contribute to a decline in professional wellbeing emerge from within the organisational environment, rather than from the event itself. Conclusion: The study concludes that organisational and team relations factors significantly impact EFRs ability to cope with stress. As such, organisational policy should evolve to emphasise team relations over resilience programmes.

Item Type: Article
Sustainable Development Goals:
Theme:
Keywords (uncontrolled): emergency first responders; rescue worker; professional wellbeing; organisational culture; leadership; team building; welfare
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Flood Hazard Research Centre
Item ID: 36759
Notes on copyright: Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Depositing User: Sally Priest
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2022 15:00
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2022 13:04
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/36759

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