Optimal velocity loss threshold for inducing post activation potentiation in track and field athletes

Yuan, Zihang, Liao, Kai-Fang, Zhang, Yumei, Han, Mengyuan, Bishop, Chris ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1505-1287, Chen, Zhili, Zhang, Xiaohua, Zhang, Guochao and Li, Yongming (2023) Optimal velocity loss threshold for inducing post activation potentiation in track and field athletes. Biology of Sport, 40 (2) . pp. 603-609. ISSN 0860-021X [Article] (doi:10.5114/biolsport.2023.119284)

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The aim of this study was to determine the optimal velocity loss (VL) threshold that maximises the post activation potentiation (PAP) stimulus for achieving larger and more consistent performance gains in track and field athletes. Twenty-two athletes from athletics participated in four back squat PAP tests with four different VL threshold (5%, 10%, 15% and 20% VL) at an intensity of 85% 1RM. Countermovement jump (CMJ) height, power, and momentum were assessed before, and 10s, 4, 8, 12, 16 minutes after the PAP condition. Repetitions of the squat in all the PAP conditions were also recorded. Only the 5% VL condition produced significant improvements in height (ES=0.73, P=0.038), peak power output (ES=0.73, P=0.038) and momentum (ES=0.72, P=0.041) of CMJ, and these changes appeared 8 minutes after the condition. The total number of repetitions during the 5% VL condition was significantly lower than that observed in the 15% (P=0.003) and 20% VL (P<0.001) trials. The results from this study indicate that 5%VL during the 2 sets preconditioning squat at 85%1RM was optimal for eliciting PAP in a CMJ exercise, and resulted in significant increases at the 8-min recovery period. The same squat condition also had the least number of repetitions. However, considering the efficiency in practice, athletes can also choose the rest time of 4-min, which can also achieve similar results.

Item Type: Article
Sustainable Development Goals:
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 35188
Notes on copyright: The journal open access statement is available at https://www.termedia.pl/Journal/Biology_of_Sport-78/Info
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Chris Bishop
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2022 15:14
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2023 05:03
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/35188

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