National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic

Van Bavel, Jay J. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2520-0442, Cichocka, Aleksandra ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1703-1586, Capraro, Valerio ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0579-0166, Sjåstad, Hallgeir ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8730-1038, Nezlek, John B. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4963-3637, Pavlović, Tomislav ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4470-3715, Alfano, Mark ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5879-8033, Gelfand, Michele J., Azevedo, Flavio ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9000-8513, Birtel, Michèle D., Cislak, Aleksandra ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9880-6947, Lockwood, Patricia L. 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M. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7774-6984, van Prooijen, Jan-Willem ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6236-0819, van Rooy, Dirk, Västfjäll, Daniel ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2873-4500, Verkoeijen, Peter, Vieira, Joana B., von Sikorski, Christian ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3787-8277, Walker, Alexander Cameron ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1431-6770, Watermeyer, Jennifer ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7918-8832, Wetter, Erik, Whillans, Ashley ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1726-6978, Willardt, Robin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2495-3450, Wohl, Michael J. A. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6945-5562, Wójcik, Adrian Dominik ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7073-6019, Wu, Kaidi ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6881-7437, Yamada, Yuki ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1431-568X, Yilmaz, Onurcan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6094-7162, Yogeeswaran, Kumar, Ziemer, Carolin-Theresa ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0794-7702, Zwaan, Rolf A. and Boggio, Paulo S. (2022) National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic. Nature Communications, 13 (1) , 517. pp. 1-14. ISSN 2041-1723 [Article] (doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27668-9)

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Abstract

Changing collective behaviour and supporting non-pharmaceutical interventions is an important component in mitigating virus transmission during a pandemic. In a large international collaboration (Study 1, N = 49,968 across 67 countries), we investigated self-reported factors associated with public health behaviours (e.g., spatial distancing and stricter hygiene) and endorsed public policy interventions (e.g., closing bars and restaurants) during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic (April-May 2020). Respondents who reported identifying more strongly with their nation consistently reported greater engagement in public health behaviours and support for public health policies. Results were similar for representative and non-representative national samples. Study 2 (N = 42 countries) conceptually replicated the central finding using aggregate indices of national identity (obtained using the World Values Survey) and a measure of actual behaviour change during the pandemic (obtained from Google mobility reports). Higher levels of national identification prior to the pandemic predicted lower mobility during the early stage of the pandemic (r = −0.40). We discuss the potential implications of links between national identity, leadership, and public health for managing COVID-19 and future pandemics.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 06 April 2022 - A correction to this paper: National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic, has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-29658-x, see repository record https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/34955
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Economics
Item ID: 34958
Notes on copyright: © The Author(s) 2022, corrected publication 2022
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
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Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2022 11:01
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2022 11:01
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/34958

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