The evolution of food security: where are we now, where should we go next?

Akbari, Morteza ORCID logoORCID:, Foroudi, Pantea ORCID logoORCID:, Shahmoradi, Mohana, Padash, Hamid, Parizi, Zahra Shahabaldini, Khosravani, Ala, Ataei, Pouria ORCID logoORCID: and Cuomo, Maria Teresa (2022) The evolution of food security: where are we now, where should we go next? Sustainability, 14 (6) , e3634. ISSN 2071-1050 [Article] (doi:10.3390/su14063634)

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Food security is one of the most challenging topics globally; however, the concept of food security has taken on additional dimensions that are general and are less detailed. This study aims to identify the intellectual structure of food security research and the changes in this structure. This paper analyzed 3169 documents from the Web of Science database through a bibliometric review. A review of the published documents shows an increasing trend over the past 46 years. In accordance with co-occurrence analysis, 125 keywords were grouped into five clusters: food security and sustainable development; food security and socioeconomic factors; food security policy and governance; coping strategies for poverty, inequality, and hunger; and modern food security management. This study identifies four streams within food security research: sustainability and environmental, socioeconomic, cultural, and political factors. The paper concludes that even though food security might investigate many significant areas, other new dimensions should still be considered. Further gaps in the literature emerge that present avenues for future research directions. Reviewing indicators and techniques of food security assessment and identifying high-risk groups should be a priority.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Tourism in International Context: Solutions during and after the Global Pandemic Crisis
Keywords (uncontrolled): food security, bibliometric review, co-citation analysis, co-occurrence analysis
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Marketing, Branding and Tourism
Item ID: 34901
Notes on copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2022 11:49
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2022 11:49

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