Statistical investigation of climate change effects on the utilization of the sediment heat energy

Girgibo, Nebiyu ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0439-3772, Mäkiranta, Anne, Lü, Xiaoshu and Hiltunen, Erkki (2022) Statistical investigation of climate change effects on the utilization of the sediment heat energy. Energies, 15 (2) , e435. ISSN 1996-1073 [Article] (doi:10.3390/en15020435)

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Abstract

Suvilahti, a suburb of the city of Vaasa in western Finland, was the first area to use seabed sediment heat as the main source of heating for a high number of houses. Moreover, in the same area, a unique land uplift effect is ongoing. The aim of this paper is to solve the challenges and find opportunities caused by global warming by utilizing seabed sediment energy as a renewable heat source. Measurement data of water and air temperature were analyzed, and correlations were established for the sediment temperature data using Statistical Analysis System (SAS) Enterprise Guide 7.1. software. The analysis and provisional forecast based on the autoregression integrated moving average (ARIMA) model revealed that air and water temperatures show incremental increases through time, and that sediment temperature has positive correlations with water temperature with a 2-month lag. Therefore, sediment heat energy is also expected to increase in the future. Factor analysis validations show that the data have a normal cluster and no particular outliers. This study concludes that sediment heat energy can be considered in prominent renewable production, transforming climate change into a useful solution, at least in summertime.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): sediment temperature, Pearson’s correlations, autoregression integrated moving average (ARIMA) modelling forecast, factor analysis, renewable energy
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology
Item ID: 34491
Notes on copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/license s/by/4.0/)
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2022 10:02
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2022 10:45
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/34491

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