Coenzyme Q10 and vitamin D interventions could ameliorate COVID-19 related cellular bioenergetic dysfunction and cytokine storms

Yagnik, Darshna (2021) Coenzyme Q10 and vitamin D interventions could ameliorate COVID-19 related cellular bioenergetic dysfunction and cytokine storms. Journal of Immunological Sciences, 5 (3) . pp. 1-6. ISSN 2578-3009 [Article] (doi:10.29245/2578-3009/2021/3.1220)

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Abstract

The immune response to SARS-CoV-2 varies from asymptomatic or mild symptoms of high temperature, muscle aches and coughs lasting 7 to 14 days to lower respiratory tract infections leading to pneumonia and serious respiratory distress as well as long COVID-19. Complications occur due to an abnormal immune response which involves upregulation of multiple cytokines leading to sustained inflammation which results in the spread of infection to vital organs. The double vaccine roll out has been rapid however vaccine mediated antibodies are not 100% effective against future coronavirus variants which may become increasingly more resistant and easily transmissible to overcome host immunity. Invariably supportive therapies will be needed. Research has shown that coenzyme Q10 and vitamin D deficiencies can have detrimental effects on immune cell defence, function and cytokine secretion promoting inflammation and sepsis especially against microbes. Early interventions including supplementation of these factors could mitigate cellular dysfunction especially in relation to mitochondria bioenergetics and help maintain cell immunity. This is particularly important as chronically ill COVID-19 patients seem to display abnormal immune cell phenotypes in infected organs indicating this could contribute to disease
progression. The immune response and proposed roles of Vitamin D and Coenzyme Q10 in COVID-19 are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology
Item ID: 34283
Notes on copyright: © 2021 Yagnik D. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Darshna Yagnik
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2021 15:51
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2021 10:51
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/34283

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