Suicide first aid guidelines for Indonesia: a Delphi consensus study

Setiyawati, Diana ORCID logoORCID:, Jatmika, Wulan Nur ORCID logoORCID:, Puspakesuma, Nabila ORCID logoORCID:, Retnowati, Sofia ORCID logoORCID: and Colucci, Erminia ORCID logoORCID: (2022) Suicide first aid guidelines for Indonesia: a Delphi consensus study. Journal of Mental Health, 31 (3) . pp. 410-431. ISSN 0963-8237 [Article] (doi:10.1080/09638237.2021.2022632)

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Background: The concept that "suicide is preventable" is fairly recent in Indonesia. Suicide prevention training is also new for community leaders and laypeople. On the other side, in a collectivistic society like Indonesia, community leaders, neighbours, and friends are essential parts of someone's life. Therefore, guidelines to assist first aiders in preventing suicide is urgently needed.

Aim: This study aimed to develop guidelines to recognise key warning signs and provide first aid support to Indonesians at potential immediate risk for suicide.

Methods: The guidelines was developed through three steps: (i) systematic literature review; (ii) focus group discussions and interviews; and (iii) expert consensus using the Delphi approach. These steps were taken to ensure that the final guidelines reflected the cultural beliefs and norms of the Indonesian context.
Results: Three rounds of Delphi resulted in 460 accepted items out of 539 items generated from the literature search and group and individual interviews. Some key differences with other countries where similar studies were carried out were highlighted.

Conclusions: This study emphasised the need for gatekeeper training as the ideal way of educating community members on the guidelines.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Suicide prevention, South-East Asia, Delphi, gatekeepers training, LMIC, first aider, guidelines, Indonesia
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 34229
Notes on copyright: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Mental Health on 24 Jan 2022, available online:
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Depositing User: Erminia Colucci
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2021 08:56
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2023 04:04

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