Extracellular polymeric substances facilitate the adsorption and migration of Cu 2+ and Cd 2+ in saturated porous media

Wu, Yuhui, Li, Zhengyu, Yang, Yuesuo ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1560-4312, Purchase, Diane ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8071-4385, Lu, Ying and Dai, Zhenxue ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0805-7621 (2021) Extracellular polymeric substances facilitate the adsorption and migration of Cu 2+ and Cd 2+ in saturated porous media. Biomolecules, 11 (11) , e1715. ISSN 2218-273X [Article] (doi:10.3390/biom11111715)

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Abstract

Heavy metal contamination in groundwater is a serious environmental problem. Many microorganisms that survive in subsurface porous media also produce extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), but little is known about the effect of these EPS on the fate and transport of heavy metals in aquifers. In this study, EPS extracted from soil with a steam method were used to study the adsorption behaviors of Cu2+ and Cd2+, employing quartz sand as a subsurface porous medium. The results showed that EPS had a good adsorption capacity for Cu2+ (13.5 mg/g) and Cd2+ (14.1 mg/g) that can be viewed using the Temkin and Freundlich models, respectively. At a pH value of 6.5 ± 0.1 and a temperature of 20 °C, EPS showed a greater affinity for Cu2+ than for Cd2+. The binding force between EPS and quartz sand was weak. The prior saturation of the sand media with EPS solution can significantly promote the migration of the Cu2+ and Cd2+ in sand columns by 8.8% and 32.1%, respectively. When treating both metals simultaneously, the migration of Cd2+ was found to be greater than that of Cu2+. This also demonstrated that EPS can promote the co-migration of Cu2+ and Cd2+ in saturated porous media.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): extracellular polymeric substances, porous media, heavy metals, adsorption, simulation, migration
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 34191
Notes on copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2021 12:00
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 16:46
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/34191

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