Semiquantitative interpretation of anticardiolipin and antiβ2glycoprotein I antibodies measured with various analytical platforms: communication from the ISTH SSC subcommittee on Lupus Anticoagulant/Antiphospholipid antibodies

Vandevelde, Arne ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0461-7476, Chayoua, Walid, de Laat, Bas, Gris, Jean‐Christophe, Moore, Gary W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2987-281X, Musiał, Jacek, Zuily, Stéphane ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9326-6881, Wahl, Denis ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4846-6793 and Devreese, Katrien M. J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7559-2579 (2022) Semiquantitative interpretation of anticardiolipin and antiβ2glycoprotein I antibodies measured with various analytical platforms: communication from the ISTH SSC subcommittee on Lupus Anticoagulant/Antiphospholipid antibodies. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 20 (2) . pp. 508-524. ISSN 1538-7933 [Article] (doi:10.1111/jth.15585)

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Abstract

Background
Antiβ2glycoprotein I (aβ2GPI) and anticardiolipin (aCL) IgG/IgM show differences in positive/negative agreement and titers between solid phase platforms. Method specific semiquantitative categorization of titers could improve and harmonize the interpretation across platforms.
Aim
To evaluate the traditionally 40/80 units thresholds used for aCL and aβ2GPI for categorization into moderate/high positivity with different analytical systems, and to compare with alternative thresholds.
Material and methods
aCL and aβ2GPI thresholds were calculated for two automated systems (chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) and multiplex flow immunoassay (MFI)) by ROC-curve analysis on 1108 patient samples, including patients with and without APS, and confirmed on a second population (n=279). Alternatively, regression analysis on diluted standard material was applied to identify thresholds. Thresholds were compared to 40/80 threshold measured by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Additionally, likelihood ratios (LR) were calculated.
Results
Threshold levels of 40/80 units show poor agreement between ELISA and automated platforms for classification into low/moderate/high positivity, especially for aCL/aβ2GPI IgG. Agreement for semiquantitative interpretation of aPL IgG between ELISA and CLIA/MFI improves with alternative thresholds. LR for aPL IgG increase for thrombotic and obstetric APS based on 40/80 thresholds for ELISA and adapted thresholds for the other systems, but not for IgM.
Conclusion
Use of 40/80 units as medium/high thresholds is acceptable for aCL/aβ2GPI IgG ELISA, but not for CLIA and MFI. Alternative semiquantitative thresholds for non-ELISA platforms can be determined by a clinical approach or by using monoclonal antibodies. Semiquantitative reporting of aPL IgM has less impact on increasing probability for APS.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): hematology, antiphospholipid antibodies classification immunoassay risk thresholds
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology
Item ID: 34190
Notes on copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Vandevelde, A, Chayoua, W, de Laat, B, et al. Semiquantitative interpretation of anticardiolipin and antiβ2glycoprotein I antibodies measured with various analytical platforms: Communication from the ISTH SSC Subcommittee on Lupus Anticoagulant/Antiphospholipid Antibodies. J Thromb Haemost. 2022; 20: 508– 524. doi:10.1111/jth.15585, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jth.15585. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2021 12:17
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2022 04:33
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/34190

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