Levels of agreement for the direction of inter-limb asymmetry during four simple change-of-direction tests in young male handball players: a pilot study

Kozinc, Žiga ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3555-8680, Bishop, Chris ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1505-1287, Pleša, Jernej and Šarabon, Nejc ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0747-3735 (2021) Levels of agreement for the direction of inter-limb asymmetry during four simple change-of-direction tests in young male handball players: a pilot study. Symmetry, 13 (10) , e1940. pp. 1-7. ISSN 2073-8994 [Article] (doi:10.3390/sym13101940)

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Abstract

The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of change-of-direction (CoD) angle (90° vs. 180°) and the inclusion of acceleration approach on total task time, CoD deficit, and agreement regarding inter-limb asymmetry direction across CoD tasks. The sample included 13 young male handball players (age: 22.4 ± 3.2 years). The CoD tasks were performed over a 10 m distance with 90° and 180° turns. Both CoD tasks were performed under two conditions: (1) from the standing start and, (2) with a 10 m prior acceleration approach. Linear sprint times over a 10 m distance were also recorded for the purpose of determining the CoD deficit. The differences between the outcomes of different test variants were assessed with pairwise t-tests and associated Cohen’s d effect size. The agreement in terms of inter-limb asymmetry direction was assessed descriptively, using percentage of agreement. Results showed that the inclusion of the 10 m approach reduced the total task time (mean differences ranging between 0.26 and 0.35 s; d = 2.27–4.02; p 0.002). The differences between 90° and 180° turn times were statistically significant under both conditions: (a) without approach (0.44–0.48 s; d = 4.72–4.84; all p 0.001), and (b) with approach (0.50–0.54 s; d = 4.41–5.03; p 0.001). The agreement regarding inter-limb asymmetry direction among the tasks was 30.7–61.5%. The differences between the tasks could be explained by the angle–velocity trade-off. The results of this study imply that the CoD tasks should not be used interchangeably when assessing inter-limb asymmetries.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): agility, change of direction deficit, symmetry, angle, velocity
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute
Item ID: 33992
Notes on copyright: Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 10:39
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2022 10:43
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/33992

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