Impact of common cardio-metabolic risk factors on fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular disease in Latin America and the Caribbean: an individual-level pooled analysis of 31 cohort studies

Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo Martín, Stern, Dalia, Hambleton, Ian R, Hennis, Anselm, Cesare, Mariachiara Di, Lotufo, Paulo, Ferreccio, Catterina, Irazola, Vilma, Perel, Pablo, Gregg, Edward W, Miranda, J Jaime, Ezzati, Majid, Danaei, Goodarz, Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M., Stern, Dalia, Hambleton, Ian R., Hennis, Anselm, Di Cesare, Mariachiara ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3934-3364, Lotufo, Paulo, Ferreccio, Catterina, Irazola, Vilma, Perel, Pablo, Gregg, Edward W, Miranda, J. Jaime, Ezzati, Majid, Danaei, Goodarz, Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A, Alvarez-Váz, Ramón, Amadio, Marselle B, Baccino, Cecilia, Bambs, Claudia, Bastos, João Luiz, Beckles, Gloria, Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio, Bernardo, Carla DO, Bloch, Katia V., Blümel, Juan E., Boggia, Jose G., Borges, Pollyanna K., Bravo, Miguel, Brenes-Camacho, Gilbert, Carbajal, Horacio A, Rascon, Maria S. Castillo, Ceballos, Blanca H., Colpani, Veronica, Cooper, Jackie A, Cortes, Sandra, Cortes-Valencia, Adrian, Cunha, Roberto S, d'Orsi, Eleonora, Dow, William H, Espeche, Walter G, Fuchs, Flavio D., Fuchs, Sandra C., Gimeno, Suely GA, Gomez-Velasco, Donaji, Gonzalez-Chica, David A, Gonzalez-Villalpando, Clicerio, Gonzalez-Villalpando, María-Elena, Grazioli, Gonzalo, Guerra, Ricardo O., Gutierrez, Laura, Herkenhoff, Fernando L, Horimoto, Andrea RVR, Huidobro, Andrea, Koch, Elard, Lajous, Martin, Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda, Lopez-Ridaura, Ruy, Maciel, Alvaro CC, Manrique-Espinoza, Betty S, Marques, Larissa P, Mill, Jose G, Moreira, Leila B, Muñoz, Oscar M, Ono, Lariane M, Oppermann, Karen, Paiva, Karina M., Peixoto, Sergio V., Pereira, Alexandre C., Peres, Karen G., Peres, Marco A., Ramírez-Palacios, Paula, Rech, Cassiano R, Rivera-Paredez, Berenice, Rodriguez, Nohora I, Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba, Rosero-Bixby, Luis, Rubinstein, Adolfo, Ruiz-Morales, Alvaro, Salazar, Martin R, Salinas-Rodriguez, Aaron, Salmerón, Jorge, Sanchez, Ramon A, Silva, Nelson AS, Silva, Thiago LN, Smeeth, Liam, Spritzer, Poli M, Tartaglione, Fiorella, Tartaglione, Jorge and Velázquez-Cruz, Rafael (2021) Impact of common cardio-metabolic risk factors on fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular disease in Latin America and the Caribbean: an individual-level pooled analysis of 31 cohort studies. The Lancet Regional Health - Americas, 4 (Dec 21) , e100068. ISSN 2667-193X [Article] (Published online first) (doi:10.1016/j.lana.2021.100068)

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Abstract

Background: Estimates of the burden of cardio-metabolic risk factors in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) rely on relative risks (RRs) from non-LAC countries. Whether these RRs apply to LAC remains un- known.

Methods: We pooled LAC cohorts. We estimated RRs per unit of exposure to body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), total cholesterol (TC) and non-HDL cholesterol on fatal (31 cohorts, n = 168,287) and non-fatal (13 cohorts, n = 27,554) cardiovascular diseases, adjusting for regression dilution bias. We used these RRs and national data on mean risk factor levels to estimate the number of cardiovascular deaths attributable to non-optimal levels of each risk factor.

Results: Our RRs for SBP, FPG and TC were like those observed in cohorts conducted in high-income countries; however, for BMI, our RRs were consistently smaller in people below 75 years of age. Across risk factors, we observed smaller RRs among older ages. Non-optimal SBP was responsible for the largest number of attributable cardiovascular deaths ranging from 38 per 10 0,0 0 0 women and 54 men in Peru, to 261 (Dominica, women) and 282 (Guyana, men). For non-HDL cholesterol, the lowest attributable rate was for women in Peru (21) and men in Guatemala (25), and the largest in men (158) and women (142) from Guyana.

Interpretation: RRs for BMI from studies conducted in high-income countries may overestimate disease burden metrics in LAC; conversely, RRs for SBP, FPG and TC from LAC cohorts are similar to those esti- mated from cohorts in high-income countries.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 33893
Notes on copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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Depositing User: Mariachiara Di Cesare
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2021 17:40
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2021 17:40
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/33893

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