Deep-NC: a secure image transmission using deep learning and network coding

Vien, Quoc-Tuan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5490-904X, Nguyen, Tuan T. and Nguyen, Huan X. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4105-2558 (2021) Deep-NC: a secure image transmission using deep learning and network coding. Signal Processing: Image Communication , 116490. ISSN 0923-5965 [Article] (Published online first) (doi:10.1016/j.image.2021.116490)

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Abstract

Visual communications have played an important part in our daily life as a non-verbal way of conveying information using symbols, gestures and images. With the advances of technology, people can visually communicate with each other in a number of forms via digital communications. Recently Image Super-Resolution (ISR) with Deep Learning (DL) has been developed to reproduce the original image from its low-resolution version, which allows us to reduce the image size for saving transmission bandwidth. Although many benefits can be realised, the image transmission over wireless media experiences inevitable loss due to environment noise and inherent hardware issues. Moreover, data privacy is of vital importance, especially when the eavesdropper can easily overhear the communications over the air. To this end, this paper proposes a secure ISR protocol, namely Deep-NC, for the image communications based on the DL and Network Coding (NC). Specifically, two schemes, namely Per-Image Coding (PIC) and Per-Pixel Coding (PPC), are designed so as to protect the sharing of private image from the eavesdropper. Although the PPC scheme achieves a better performance than the PIC scheme for the entire image, it requires a higher computational complexity on every pixel of the image. In the proposed Deep-NC, the intended user can easily recover the original image achieving a much higher performance in terms of Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) and Structural Similarity Index Measure (SSIM) than those at the eavesdropper. Simulation results show that an improvement of up to 32 dB in the PSNR can be obtained when the eavesdropper does not have any knowledge of the parameters and the reference image used in the mixing schemes. Furthermore, the original image can be downscaled to a much lower resolution for saving significantly the transmission bandwidth with negligible performance loss.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer and Communications Engineering
Item ID: 33864
Notes on copyright: © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Quoc-Tuan Vien
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2021 08:12
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2021 04:56
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/33864

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