Biodegradation of organo-metallic pollutants in distillery wastewater employing bioaugmentation process

Tripathi, Sonam, Sharma, Pooja, Purchase, Diane ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8071-4385, Tiwari, Madhu, Chakrabarty, Debasis and Chandra, Ram (2021) Biodegradation of organo-metallic pollutants in distillery wastewater employing bioaugmentation process. Environmental Technology and Innovation, 23 , 101774. pp. 1-9. ISSN 2352-1864 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.eti.2021.101774)

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Abstract

This objective of this work was to study the potential of a constructed bacterial consortium (comprising strains of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Bacillus cereus, and Bacillus thuringiensis) to treat distillery wastewater via the bioaugmentation process. The discharged wastewater showed elevated total ammonium nitrogen (195.0 ± 1.24 mg L-1), total dissolved solids (25980.6 ± 8.09 mg L-1), chemical oxygen demand (20534.5 ± 3.12 mg L-1), and biological oxygen demand (20534.5 ± 3.12 mg L-1). High concentration of heavy metals, phenolic and organo-metallic compounds were also detected. Results showed that growing the bacterial consortium in the distillery wastewater at 37 ºC supplemented with 1% glucose achieved the best colour reduction (up to 90 %) in 144 h. The physico-chemical quality of the treated wastewater also improved by 50-70 %. Furthermore, many of the major organic pollutants present in the distillery wastewater were degraded by the constructed consortium to below detection limit via active biotransformation and biodegradation. Heavy metals were biosorbed by the bacterial consortium, and the ligninolytic enzymes such as Lip and MnP played an important role in the degradation of the organo-metallic pollutants. The constructed bacterial consortia therefore offered a sustainable and effective solution to treat distiller wastewater.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 33561
Notes on copyright: © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Diane Purchase
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2021 13:43
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2021 22:56
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/33561

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