Formal verification of authentication and service authorization protocols in 5G-enabled device-to-device communications using ProVerif

Edris, Ed Kamya Kiyemba ORCID logoORCID:, Aiash, Mahdi ORCID logoORCID: and Loo, Jonathan ORCID logoORCID: (2021) Formal verification of authentication and service authorization protocols in 5G-enabled device-to-device communications using ProVerif. Electronics, 10 (13) , e1608. ISSN 2079-9292 [Article] (doi:10.3390/electronics10131608)

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Device-to-Device (D2D) communications will be used as an underlay technology in the Fifth Generation mobile network (5G), which will make network services of multiple Service Providers (SP) available anywhere. The end users will be allowed to access and share services using their User Equipments (UEs), and thus they will require seamless and secured connectivity. At the same time, Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) will use the UE to offload traffic and push contents closer to users relying on D2D communications network. This raises security concerns at different levels of the system architecture and highlights the need for robust authentication and authorization mechanisms to provide secure services access and sharing between D2D users. Therefore, this paper proposes a D2D level security solution that comprises two security protocols, namely, the D2D Service security (DDSec) and the D2D Attributes and Capability security (DDACap) protocols, to provide security for access, caching and sharing data in network-assisted and non-network-assisted D2D communications scenarios. The proposed solution applies Identity-based Encryption (IBE), Elliptic Curve Integrated Encryption Scheme (ECIES) and access control mechanisms for authentication and authorization procedures. We formally verified the proposed protocols using ProVerif and applied pi calculus. We also conducted a security analysis of the proposed protocols.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article belongs to the Special Issue 5G and beyond Mobile and Satellite Communications
Keywords (uncontrolled): 5G, D2D, security protocol, authentication, authorization, formal methods, ProVerif
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science
Item ID: 33488
Notes on copyright: Copyright: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2021 14:45
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2021 14:45

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