Nowcasting gentrification using Airbnb data

Jain, Shomik, Proserpio, Davide, Quattrone, Giovanni ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9219-8437 and Quercia, Daniele (2021) Nowcasting gentrification using Airbnb data. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, Volume 5, Issue CSCW1. In: CSCW 2021: The 24th ACM conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, 23-27 Oct 2021, Virtual conference. . ISSN 2573-0142 [Conference or Workshop Item] (doi:10.1145/3449112)

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Abstract

There is a rumbling debate over the impact of gentrification: presumed gentrifiers have been the target of protests and attacks in some cities, while they have been welcome as generators of new jobs and taxes in others. Census data fails to measure neighborhood change in real-time since it is usually updated every ten years. This work shows that Airbnb data can be used to quantify and track neighborhood changes. Specifically, we consider both structured data (e.g., number of listings, number of reviews, listing information) and unstructured data (e.g., user-generated reviews processed with natural language processing and machine learning algorithms) for three major cities, New York City (US), Los Angeles (US), and Greater London (UK). We find that Airbnb data (especially its unstructured part) appears to nowcast neighborhood gentrification, measured as changes in housing affordability and demographics. Overall, our results suggest that user-generated data from online platforms can be used to create socioeconomic indices to complement traditional measures that are less granular, not in real-time, and more costly to obtain.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science
Item ID: 33080
Notes on copyright: © 2021 Association for Computing Machinery. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, Volume 5, Issue CSCW1, https://doi.org/10.1145/3449112
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 07 May 2021 07:45
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2021 17:46
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/33080

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