The child attachment style interview (Child-ASI) and depression: preliminary findings

Bifulco, Antonia ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8316-9706, Jacobs, Catherine, Oskis, Andrea ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0194-2679, Bunn, Amanda and Spence, Ruth ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6197-9975 (2021) The child attachment style interview (Child-ASI) and depression: preliminary findings. Educational and Child Psychology, 38 (1) . pp. 62-74. ISSN 0267-1611 [Article]

[img]
Preview
PDF - Final accepted version (with author's formatting)
Download (463kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: Childhood familial trauma is a major contributor to psychological disorder. One of its key impacts is insecure attachment style, which impedes the development of close relationships. Trauma-related vulnerability is important to assess in primary school but there is a gap in age-appropriate measurement tools. This paper outlines the development of the Child Attachment Style Interview (Child-ASI) suitable for 6 to 11-year olds. This can be utilised on-site to identify damaging effects of trauma experience at an early stage.

Method: The Child-ASI was developed from an existing adolescent/adult measure and tested on a sample of children in primary school (N=42) together with a subsample of those in care (N=20). A checklist of life events and the Mood and Feeling Questionnaire (MFQ) for depression was also administered.

Results: Acceptable inter-rater reliability was found ([kappa]=0.84 for overall attachment style). A factor analysis of subscales produced the expected five factors for classification. Rates of insecure styles (38 per cent in school and 90 per cent in care) were consistent with other studies and related to separation from parent and depression. Logistic regression showed insecure attachment style and negative life events provided the best model for depression.

Conclusion: Preliminary findings indicate the Child-ASI provides an effective way of assessing attachment style in children. Its use is for more intensive investigation of trauma-related interpersonal problems, administered by trained teachers. It is less intrusive than direct trauma assessments and fits with the policy need to identify vulnerability for mental health issues in schools.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Series: Educational and Child Psychology
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies (CATS)
Item ID: 33028
Notes on copyright: This is a pre-publication version of the following article: Bifulco, Antonia, Jacobs, Catherine, Oskis, Andrea, Bunn, Amanda and Spence, Ruth (2021) The child attachment style interview (Child-ASI) and depression: preliminary findings. Educational and Child Psychology, 38 (1) . pp. 62-74. ISSN 0267-1611 available at: https://shop.bps.org.uk/educational-child-psychology-vol-38-no-1-march-2021-trauma
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Ruth Spence
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2021 12:37
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2021 10:52
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/33028

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Statistics

Downloads
Activity Overview
21Downloads
76Hits

Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.