An assessment of gully pot sediment scour behaviour under current and potential future rainfall conditions

Wei, Haoyu, Muthanna, Tone Merete, Lundy, Lian ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1155-4132 and Viklander, Maria (2021) An assessment of gully pot sediment scour behaviour under current and potential future rainfall conditions. Journal of Environmental Management, 282 , 111911. ISSN 0301-4797 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111911)

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Abstract

Gully pots actively trap sediments transported by urban runoff to prevent in-pipe blockages and surface flooding. However, due to poor maintenance (resulting in sediment build-up) and increasingly extreme wet weather events, the scour of previously-deposited sediments from gully pots is identified as a potential contributor to EU Water Framework Directive failure. While basal sediment scour deterministic models have been developed and validated using laboratory and field gully pot data sets, the ability of these models to predict behaviour at sites other than those for which they were established has not been addressed. Nor has the impact of future rainfall predictions on the role of gully pots as sediment sources been systematically examined. As a contribution to addressing these knowledge gaps, the performance of two gully pot basal sediment scour models of distinct complexity levels are evaluated under current and future rainfall conditions. The output from Model One suggests that the scour-induced total suspended solids in gully pot discharge can be kept well below 25 mg/L if the gully pot fullness level is maintained at under 60%. Results identify the opportunity to incorporate the actual/targeted ecological status of recipients in scheduling gully pot maintenance operations and that proactive gully pots maintenance will reduce the impacts of increased rainfall intensity/duration on the magnitude of sediment scour. Results from Model Two suggest that fine sediments are particularly susceptible to in-pot scour. For example, sediment with a specific gravity of 1.1 and diameter of >63 μm accounts for 50% of scour-induced total suspended solids in gully pot discharge. The effluent suspended solids concentrations predicted by the two models differ by up to two orders of magnitude. However, without further empirical field data pertaining to their respective competences/applications, neither model could be discounted at this stage. For example, the use of Model One is more appropriate in the establishment of gully pot maintenance schedules, with Model Two more suited to the dimensioning of gully pots based on performance requirements. This application, however, relies on the development and adoption of a more stringent regulation on gully pots discharge.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 33019
Notes on copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Lian Lundy
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2021 09:19
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2022 10:41
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/33019

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