Evaluation of measured dissolved and bio-met predicted bioavailable Cu, Ni and Zn concentrations in runoff from three urban catchments

Lindfors, Sarah ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8321-1847, Österlund, Heléne ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4732-7348, Lundy, Lian ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1155-4132 and Viklander, Maria (2021) Evaluation of measured dissolved and bio-met predicted bioavailable Cu, Ni and Zn concentrations in runoff from three urban catchments. Journal of Environmental Management, 287 , 112263. ISSN 0301-4797 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112263)

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Urban runoff is a diffuse source of pollution contributing to the poor ecological and chemical status of surface waters. Whilst the EU Priority Hazardous Substances Directive now identifies environmental quality standards for selected metals in relation to the bioavailable metal fraction the relationship between analytically determined metal size fractions transported by urban runoff and the often variably defined concept of bioavailability has not been thoroughly evaluated. This paper provides a review of the terminology used within urban runoff studies to characterise metal fractions and behaviour. Measured dissolved and truly dissolved (determined by ultrafiltration; <3000 molecular weight cutoff) Cu, Ni, and Zn concentrations are also compared to the bioavailable metal fraction (as predicted using Bio-met, a simplified biotic ligand model) in snowmelt and rainfall derived runoff samples from three urban catchments. The study shows that predicted bioavailable concentrations were significantly lower than truly dissolved concentrations for all metals and discusses current bioavailability modelling parameters in relation to rainfall and snowmelt runoff data sets. Statistical analysis of relationships between field and predicted bioavailable data sets indicate that the bioavailable fractions originate from both colloidal and truly dissolved fractions.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Stormwater, Snowmelt bioavailability, Bio-met, Ultrafiltration metals
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 33014
Notes on copyright: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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Depositing User: Lian Lundy
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2021 09:00
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2022 10:41
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/33014

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