Environment friendly degradation and detoxification of Congo red dye and textile industry wastewater by a newly isolated Bacillus cohnni (RKS9)

Kishor, Roop, Purchase, Diane ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8071-4385, Saratale, Ganesh Dattatraya, Ferreira, Luiz Fernando R., Bilal, Muhammad ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5388-3183, Iqbal, Hafiz M. N. and Bharagava, Ram Naresh ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1092-4181 (2021) Environment friendly degradation and detoxification of Congo red dye and textile industry wastewater by a newly isolated Bacillus cohnni (RKS9). Environmental Technology and Innovation, 22 , 101425. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2352-1864 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.eti.2021.101425)

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Abstract

Textile industry wastewater (TIWW) is a major source of environmental pollution causing serious threats to all life forms and thus, it must be adequately treated before its final discharge for the safety of environment and public health. In the present study, a potential bacterial strain (RKS9) was isolated from textile (wastewater & sludge) sample for the effective treatment of TIWW resulting in a significant reduction in pollution parameters such as ADMI color (93.87%), COD (77.35%), BOD (86.02%), TDS (66.75%), TOC (67.25%), TSS (60.34%), and phenol (68.55%) within 48 h. This bacterium also decolorized 99% of Congo red dye (100 mg L−1) within 12 h and removed 59.76%, 40.51%, 52.71% and 26.51% cadmium, chromium, lead and nickel, respectively from the TIWW. The activities of azoreductase, laccase, lignin peroxidase (LiP) and manganese peroxidase (MnP) was monitored and metabolites produced during the treatment of dye and TIWW were also analyzed by FT-IR and GC–MS. The phytotoxicity of the untreated and treated TIWW was assessed by seed germination and seedling growth parameters of Phaseolus mungo L. and results showed a significant reduction in the toxicity of the treated TIWW, suggesting that the isolated bacterium RKS9 has a remarkable potential to effectively decolorize/detoxify TIWW.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 32225
Notes on copyright: © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Diane Purchase
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2021 12:16
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2021 03:03
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/32225

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