Evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia, Laurasiatheria) inferred from mitochondrial genomes

Hassanin, Alexandre, Veron, Géraldine, Ropiquet, Anne ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3755-5467, Jansen van Vuuren, Bettine, Lécu, Alexis, Goodman, Steven M., Haider, Jibran and Nguyen Thanh, Trung (2021) Evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia, Laurasiatheria) inferred from mitochondrial genomes. PLoS One, 16 (2) , e0240770. ISSN 1932-6203 [Article] (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0240770)

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The order Carnivora, which currently includes 296 species classified into 16 families, is dis- tributed across all continents. The phylogeny and the timing of diversification of members of the order are still a matter of debate. Here, complete mitochondrial genomes were analysed to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships and to estimate divergence times among spe- cies of Carnivora. We assembled 51 new mitogenomes from 13 families, and aligned them with available mitogenomes by selecting only those showing more than 1% of nucleotide divergence and excluding those suspected to be of low-quality or from misidentified taxa. Our final alignment included 220 taxa representing 2,442 mitogenomes. Our analyses led to a robust resolution of suprafamilial and intrafamilial relationships. We identified 21 fossil cali- bration points to estimate a molecular timescale for carnivorans. According to our diver- gence time estimates, crown carnivorans appeared during or just after the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum; all major groups of Caniformia (Cynoidea/Arctoidea; Ursidae; Musteloi- dea/Pinnipedia) diverged from each other during the Eocene, while all major groups of Feli- formia (Nandiniidae; Feloidea; Viverroidea) diversified more recently during the Oligocene, with a basal divergence of Nandinia at the Eocene/Oligocene transition; intrafamilial diver- gences occurred during the Miocene, except for the Procyonidae, as Potos separated from other genera during the Oligocene.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 32206
Notes on copyright: This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication.
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Depositing User: Anne Ropiquet
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2021 11:27
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2022 17:34
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/32206

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