Anti race discrimination measures in Europe: an attack on two fronts

Howard, Erica ORCID: (2005) Anti race discrimination measures in Europe: an attack on two fronts. European Law Journal, 11 (4) . pp. 468-486. ISSN 1351-5993 [Article] (doi:10.1111/j.1468-0386.2005.00271.x)


In recent years, two measures against racial discrimination have been taken in Europe: the European Union adopted a Council Directive implementing the Principle of Equal Treatment between Persons irrespective of Racial or Ethnic Origin in June 2000; and, in December 2002, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, a body of the Council of Europe, adopted General Policy Recommendation no 7 on National Legislation to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination. This article reviews these two instruments, which show many similarities, but also some differences. The differences are mainly their force, their personal and material scope, and their grounds for discrimination. The relationship between the two, and how they influence and strengthen one another to increase the pressure for adequate and effective legislation within the Member States of the European Union, is discussed and analysed.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Law > Law and Politics
Item ID: 321
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Depositing User: Ms Zandi Mogiba
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2008 15:56
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 12:47

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