The impact of EMU on growth and employment

Barrell, Ray, Gottschalk, Sylvia ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8629-7209, Holland, Dawn, Khoman, Ehsan, Liazde, Iana and Pomerantz, Olga (2008) The impact of EMU on growth and employment. Technical Report. European Commission, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), Brussels ,Belgium. e-ISBN 9789279082436. [Monograph] (doi:10.2765/63598)

Abstract

This study addresses and evaluates the impacts of the introduction of the euro on both actual and potential output and employment. In order to achieve this, a descriptive and analytical examination of developments before and after the launch of the euro is undertaken, with comparisons drawn between countries that are EMU members and non-EMU members. There are several channels through which the euro may have affected growth and employment: greater transparency and its impact on competitiveness and the effectiveness of the single market; integration of financial markets, which may raise productivity; and a more stable macroeconomic environment, which affects risk and investment decisions. We analyse the impact of each of these channels on the drivers of growth, after controlling for factors such as workforce skills, research base, openness, demographic developments and structural reform on the evolution of output. The central result of our study is that EMU affects output growth directly and also promotes reductions in output and real effective exchange rate volatility and thereby influences the accumulation of productive capital. Many potential concerns preceding the launch of the euro seem to have been unfounded, and our work suggests that the effects of EMU that we observe have been beneficial for economic growth and employment overall. Our analysis suggests that the direct positive effects of EMU are likely to be larger in the core countries, despite their recent slow growth, and that EMU may lead to agglomeration of activities.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Additional Information: European Economy. Economic Papers 318. April 2008
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Economics
Item ID: 31935
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Sylvia Gottschalk
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2021 21:30
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2021 21:32
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/31935

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