LGBT+ Training needs for health and social care professionals: a cross-cultural comparison among seven European countries

Baiocco, Roberto ORCID logoORCID:, Pezzella, Alfonso ORCID logoORCID:, Pistella, Jessica ORCID logoORCID:, Kouta, Christiana ORCID logoORCID:, Rousou, Elena ORCID logoORCID:, Rocamora-Perez, Patricia ORCID logoORCID:, López-Liria, Remedios ORCID logoORCID:, Dudau, Victor ORCID logoORCID:, Doru, Ana Maria ORCID logoORCID:, Kuckert-Wöstheinrich, Andrea ORCID logoORCID:, Ziegler, Sabine ORCID logoORCID:, Nielsen, Dorthe ORCID logoORCID:, Bay, Laila Twisttmann ORCID logoORCID: and Papadopoulos, Irena ORCID logoORCID: (2022) LGBT+ Training needs for health and social care professionals: a cross-cultural comparison among seven European countries. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 19 (1) . pp. 22-36. ISSN 1868-9884 [Article] (doi:10.1007/s13178-020-00521-2)

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Research suggests that specific training on LGBT+ issues may improve the competencies and skills of health and social care (HSC) professionals, which reduces the negative attitudes toward LGBT+ people. Despite this, there seems to be a lack of coverage of LGBT+ needs in HSC education. The present study aims to explore the specific LGBT+ training needs of HSC professionals and to examine the relationship between these training needs and the four dimensions of the Papadopoulos model, i.e. cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural sensitivity, and cultural competence.

The research used data from a cross-cultural project, “Intercultural Education for Nurses in Europe (IENE9),” which was administered to 412 HSC academics and workers (62% females; Mage=46.06, SDage=10.48) between February 2020 and July 2020, in seven European countries: UK (coordinator), Denmark, Spain, Germany, Cyprus, Italy, and Romania.

Hierarchical multiple regression showed that higher training needs were associated with cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, and cultural competence. The need for training on LGBT+ issues was higher for Cyprus, Romania, Spain, Italy, and the UK, compared with Denmark (no differences between Germany and Denmark were found).

We believe that there has been a lack of focus on the LGBT+ training needs of HSC professionals: Greater efforts are required to develop a culturally competent and compassionate LGBT+ curriculum.

Social Policy Implications
Findings from the present study will inform the development of a free, Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), for culturally competent and compassionate HSC professionals in Europe to improve the quality of their care

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Training needs, LGBT+, Compassionate curriculum, Negative attitudes, Discrimination, Health and social care professionals
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Mental Health, Social Work and Interprofessional Learning
Item ID: 31801
Notes on copyright: This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at:
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Depositing User: Alfonso Pezzella
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2021 08:57
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 17:33

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