Risk factors affecting maternal health outcomes in Rivers State of Nigeria: towards the PRISMA model

Chinwah, Viviane, Nyame-Asiamah, Frank and Ekanem, Ignatius U. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5678-3954 (2020) Risk factors affecting maternal health outcomes in Rivers State of Nigeria: towards the PRISMA model. Social Science and Medicine, 265 , 113520. pp. 1-11. ISSN 0277-9536 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113520)

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Abstract

Existing research suggests that Nigeria accounts for about 23% of the world’s maternal mortality ratio, with negative impact on women’s wellbeing and the country’s socio-economic development. The underlying risk factors of the problem can be categorized into political influences, poor access to healthcare, inadequate utilization of health facilities, poor family planning support and complex pregnancy-related illness. Yet, the complex interrelations amongst the factors makes it difficult to ascertain the riskiest ones that affect women’s reproduction and child death, with the existing intervening strategies failing to address the problem. This study identifies maternal health risk factors and prioritizes their management in Rivers State of Nigeria, using the Prevention and Recovery Information System for Monitoring and Analysis (PRISMA) model. Taking a quantitative turn, we applied exploratory factor analysis to analyze 174 returned questionnaires from healthcare professionals working in Rivers State and used the results to establish the relationships between maternal health risk factors and prioritized the riskiest factors. The outcomes indicate that the PRISMA model provides an effective framework for identifying and managing maternal mortality risks that can enable healthcare experts and managers to address the avoidable risk factors and mitigate the unavoidable patient-related risk factors in Nigeria. The implications for theory, practice and policy are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Adult, Child and Midwifery
Item ID: 31379
Notes on copyright: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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Depositing User: Ignatius Ekanem
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2020 18:38
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2021 13:45
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/31379

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