Buffering academic stress during the COVID-19 pandemic related social isolation: grit and growth mindset as protective factors against the impact of loneliness

Mosanya, Magdalena ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1131-3956 (2021) Buffering academic stress during the COVID-19 pandemic related social isolation: grit and growth mindset as protective factors against the impact of loneliness. International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology, 6 (2) . pp. 159-174. ISSN 2364-5040 [Article] (doi:10.1007/s41042-020-00043-7)

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The pandemic of the SARS CoV-2 virus, which causes COVID-19 sickness, constitutes a global challenge to well-being. Positive psychology constructs of grit and growth mindset may offer a solution to this challenge as both are associated with psychological resilience. A growth mindset describes the underlying beliefs people have about the malleability of intelligence, and grit refers to dedication to long-term goals. The present study explored whether such constructs could constitute protective factors against the academic stress associated with loneliness and perceived lack of control among international students (n = 170) during social isolation, induced by COVID-19 restrictions. The results of a hierarchical multiple regression model explained 36% of the variance in academic stress with a perceived lack of control (ß = .53, p < .001) and growth mindset (ß = -.22, p < .001) being significant direct predictors. Moderation analysis explained 17% of the variance and confirmed that a level of dispositional grit moderated the detrimental influence loneliness had on academic stress. Simple slopes analysis revealed a significant effect for moderate (ß = .07, p = .01) and high (ß =.16, p  = .001) levels of grit. Our findings suggest that grit and growth mindset, as dynamic variables, could be taught to students as resilience-building prevention of academic stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lastly, our results have shown that parents (37%) and friends (32%) were most frequently identified by students as supporters during the COVID-19 pandemic with minimal reported support from universities (2.5%). [Abstract copyright: © The Author(s) 2020.]

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Academic stress, COVID-19, Grit, Growth mindset, Loneliness
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 31348
Notes on copyright: © The Author(s) 2020.
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2020 15:02
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2021 11:28
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/31348

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