Traditional free-weight vs. variable resistance training applied to elite young soccer players during a short preseason: effects on strength, speed, and power performance

Loturco, Irineu ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1309-2568, Pereira, Lucas A., Reis, Valter P., Zanetti, Vinicius, Bishop, Chris ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1505-1287 and McGuigan, Michael (2020) Traditional free-weight vs. variable resistance training applied to elite young soccer players during a short preseason: effects on strength, speed, and power performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research . ISSN 1064-8011 [Article] (Published online first) (doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003899)

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Abstract

Maximizing the neuromuscular capacities of players is a critical challenge during short soccer preseasons. This study compared the effects of two strength-power training regimes, on the strength, speed, and power performance of elite young soccer players during a 4-week preseason. Twenty-five under-20 players from the same club were pair-matched in two training groups as follows: traditional training group (TTG) (n=13), athletes performed half-squat (HS) and jump-squat (JS) exercises as traditionally prescribed; and EB group (EBG) (n=12), athletes performed HS and JS with EB attached to the barbell. Vertical jump height, 20-m sprint velocity, change-of-direction (COD) speed, HS and JS power, and one-repetition maximum (1RM) in the HS were assessed pre, post 2-week, and post 4-week of training. An ANOVA two-way with repeated measures was used to assess the effects of both training protocols over the experimental period. Both strategies were effective for significantly improving HS and JS power (effect sizes [ES] 1.00 - 1.77), HS 1RM (ES = 1.68 and 1.51 for TTG and EBG, respectively), vertical jumping ability (ES 0.37 - 0.65), and COD speed (ES = 0.81 and 0.39 for TTG and EBG, respectively), when comparing pre- and post-measures. In contrast, both TTG and EBG failed to increase 20-m sprint velocity (ES ranging between -0.54 and 0.23). In conclusion, both training schemes were able to improve the strength and power performance, but not the sprint capacity of young soccer players. To accelerate strength gains over very-short time periods (i.e., 2-week), variable resistance training may be advantageous. Conversely, to optimize power adaptations in ballistic exercises across a similar time period, traditional FW training may be preferred.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 31227
Notes on copyright: This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in: Loturco, Irineu; Pereira, Lucas A.; Reis, Valter P.; Zanetti, Vinicius; Bishop, Chris; Mcguigan, Michael R. Traditional Free-Weight Vs. Variable Resistance Training Applied to Elite Young Soccer Players During a Short Preseason, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: December 04, 2020 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003899
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Depositing User: Chris Bishop
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2020 12:27
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2021 04:04
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/31227

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