Quantifying gender norm resistance

Nielson, Matthew G., Martin, Carol Lynn, Rogers, Leoandra Onnie, Miller, Cindy Faith and England, Dawn (2020) Quantifying gender norm resistance. Journal of Adolescence, 84 (1) . pp. 219-229. ISSN 0140-1971 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2020.09.008)


Qualitative and mixed-methods researchers have described the experience of gender norm resistance in adolescence and identified potential types of resistance including indirect resistance (motivated by a preference for gender-atypicality) and direct resistance (motivated by dislike of gender norms and a desire to change them). Building on this work, we developed the Gender Norm Resistance measure to operationalize indirect and direct gender norm resistance. We explored how gender norm resistance aligns with and differs from other gender self-concepts (e.g., felt pressure to conform to gender norms) and peer relations (e.g., contact with peers) and tested for gender differences. Participants included 484 early adolescents (girls = 234; M  = 11.44 years, SD = 0.56). Analyses included factor analyses (EFA, CFA) and bivariate correlations to gather validity evidence, and ANOVAs to determine mean level differences. Evidence that validated using the proposed measure as intended was found including confirmation of the two types of gender norm resistance (indirect and direct). Mean differences were found across participant gender as well as across types of gender norm resistance. The findings highlight the strengths and weaknesses of the Gender Norm Resistance measure, the different ways adolescents experience indirect and direct gender norm resistance, and the limited role of felt pressure in gender norm resistance. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2020 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.]

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Adolescence, Gender difference, Gender norms, Resistance
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education
Item ID: 31195
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2020 16:18
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2022 23:45
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/31195

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