Maritime transport, the WTO, and regional trade agreements: too many cooks?

Zhao, Lijun ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8935-001X (2020) Maritime transport, the WTO, and regional trade agreements: too many cooks? In: Coherence and Divergence in Service Trade Law. Hoffmann, R. and Krajewski, M., eds. European Yearbook of International Economic Law . Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 219-247. ISBN 9783030469542, e-ISBN 9783030469559. [Book Section] (Published online first)

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Abstract

Shipping is the most international of all industries, as well as being one of the oldest — and it is also one of the most complicated. This chapter examines, through historical, legal and economic lenses, whether and how RTAs (and PTAs) may facilitate international trade and enhance liberalisation of maritime transport service along with the GATS under the WTO framework. The relationship between the WTO and maritime transport regime can be traced back to the GATS and related maritime transport service negotiations. Even though shipping has been on the negotiating agenda since the 1980s, the GATS related negotiations on this sector turned out extremely frustrating. After exploring the status quo of the maritime transport services and their liberalisation under the GATS and RTAs, this chapter argues that the future liberalisation of maritime transport sector relies on efforts from both the WTO and RTAs. From an economic point of view, today’s trade relies on shipping to carry the goods around the world, because the trade is globalised, shipping needs such a global, multilateral framework which the WTO empowers. At the same time, shipping also needs regional, bilateral and local forums – RTAs (including PTAs) – through which Members share a high degree of commonality.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Areas: A. > School of Law
Item ID: 30943
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Depositing User: Liz Lijun Zhao
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2020 14:28
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2021 20:14
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/30943

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