Understanding violence against women irregular migrants who arrive in Spain in small boats

Jiménez-Lasserrotte, María del Mar, López-Domene, Esperanza, Hernández-Padilla, José Manuel ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5032-9440, Fernández-Sola, Cayetano ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1721-0947, Fernández-Medina, Isabel María ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0805-1542, Faqyr, Karim El Marbouhe El, Dobarrio-Sanz, Iria and Granero-Molina, José ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7051-2584 (2020) Understanding violence against women irregular migrants who arrive in Spain in small boats. Healthcare, 8 (3) , e299. pp. 1-13. ISSN 2227-9032 [Article] (doi:10.3390/healthcare8030299)

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Abstract

African irregular migrants risk their lives crossing the Mediterranean Sea in small boats hoping to reach Europe. Women irregular migrants (WIMs) are an especially vulnerable group that suffer from violence and sexual aggression, but little is known about their actual experiences. The objective of our study is to describe and understand the violence against WIMs who arrive in Spain in small boats. A qualitative study based on Gadamer’s phenomenology was used. The data collection included twenty-six in-depth interviews with WIMs. Three main themes arose: “Poverty and discrimination push WIMs into migrating”; “WIMs as a paradigm of extreme vulnerability”, and “WIMs in small boats should raise the alarm”. WIMs who arrive to Europe in small boats have a history of violence, rape, prostitution, forced pregnancy, and human trafficking. Emergency care must include gynecological examinations and must make detecting sexual violence and human trafficking of WIMs part of their care protocols.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article belongs to the Special Issue Qualitative Health Research Applied to Clinical and Educational Settings
Keywords (uncontrolled): sexual violence, abuse, sexual exploitation, public health, women irregular migrants, qualitative
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Adult, Child and Midwifery
Item ID: 30865
Notes on copyright: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2020 08:28
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2020 09:04
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/30865

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