Validity and reliability of the new Basic Functional Assessment protocol (BFA)

Hernández-García, Raquel, Gil-López, María Isabel, Martínez-Pozo, David, Martínez-Romero, María Teresa, Aparicio-Sarmiento, Alba, Cejudo, Antonio, de Baranda, Pilar Sainz and Bishop, Chris ORCID logoORCID: (2020) Validity and reliability of the new Basic Functional Assessment protocol (BFA). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH), 17 (13) , 4845. ISSN 1661-7827 [Article] (doi:10.3390/ijerph17134845)

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The global evaluation of motion patterns can examine the synchrony of neuromuscular control, range of motion, strength, resistance, balance and coordination needed to complete the movement. Visual assessments are commonly used to detect risk factors. However, it is essential to define standardized field-based tests that can evaluate with accuracy. The aims of the study were to design a protocol to evaluate fundamental motor patterns (FMP), and to analyze the validity and reliability of an instrument created to provide information about the quality of movement in FMP. Five tasks were selected: Overhead Squat (OHS); Hurdle Step (HS); Forward Step Down (FSD); Shoulder Mobility (SM); Active Stretching Leg Raise (ASLR). A list of variables was created for the evaluation of each task. Ten qualified judges assessed the validity of the instrument, while six external observers performed inter-intra reliability. The results show that the instrument is valid according to the experts’ opinion; however, the reliability shows values below those established. Thus, the instrument was considered unreliable, so it is recommended to repeat the reliability process by performing more training sessions for the external observers. The present study creates the basic functional assessment (BFA), a new protocol which comprises five tasks and an instrument to evaluate FMP.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Testing: The Past, Present and Future
Keywords (uncontrolled): basic motor pattern, content validity, functional assessment, fundamental skills, inter-observer reliability, qualitative analysis, quality of movement
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 30632
Notes on copyright: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
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Depositing User: Chris Bishop
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2020 08:40
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2022 10:37

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