Factors influencing bilateral deficit and inter-limb asymmetry of maximal and explosive strength: motor task, outcome measure and muscle group

Sarabon, Nejc, Kozinc, Z., Bishop, Chris ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1505-1287 and Maffiuletti, Nicola A. (2020) Factors influencing bilateral deficit and inter-limb asymmetry of maximal and explosive strength: motor task, outcome measure and muscle group. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 120 (7) . pp. 1681-1688. ISSN 1439-6319 [Article] (doi:10.1007/s00421-020-04399-1)

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Purpose The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of strength outcome (maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque vs. rate of torque development (RTD)), motor task (unilateral vs. bilateral) and muscle group (knee extensors vs. flexors) on the magnitude of bilateral deficits and inter-limb asymmetries in a large heterogeneous group of athletes.

Methods 259 professional/semi-professional athletes from different sports (86 women aged 21 ± 6 years and 173 men aged 20 ± 5 years) performed unilateral and bilateral “fast and hard” isometric maximal voluntary contractions of the knee extensors and flexors on a double-sensor dynamometer. Inter-limb asymmetries and bilateral deficits were compared across strength outcomes (MVC torque and multiple RTD measures), motor tasks and muscle groups.

Results Most RTD outcomes showed greater bilateral deficits than MVC torque for knee extensors, but not for knee flexors. Most RTD outcomes, not MVC torque, showed higher bilateral deficits for knee extensors compared to knee flexors. For both muscle groups, all RTD measures resulted in higher inter-limb asymmetries than MVC torque, and most RTD measures resulted in greater inter-limb asymmetries during unilateral compared to bilateral motor tasks.

Conclusions The results of the present study highlight the importance of outcome measure, motor task and muscle group when assessing bilateral deficits and inter-limb asymmetries of maximal and explosive strength. Compared to MVC torque and bilateral tasks, RTD measures and unilateral tasks could be considered more sensitive for the assessment of bilateral deficits and inter-limb asymmetries in healthy professional/semi-professional athletes.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 29923
Notes on copyright: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in European Journal of Applied Physiology. The final authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04399-1
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Chris Bishop
Date Deposited: 15 May 2020 18:14
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 18:20
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/29923

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