Bilateral vs. unilateral countermovement jumps: comparing the magnitude and direction of asymmetry in elite academy soccer players

Bishop, Chris ORCID logoORCID:, Abbott, Will, Brashill, Calum, Turner, Anthony N. ORCID logoORCID:, Lake, Jason and Read, Paul (2020) Bilateral vs. unilateral countermovement jumps: comparing the magnitude and direction of asymmetry in elite academy soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research . ISSN 1064-8011 [Article] (Published online first) (doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003679)

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The aims of the present study were to compare the magnitude and direction of asymmetry in comparable bilateral and unilateral countermovement jumps (CMJ). Forty-five elite academy soccer players from under-23 (n = 15), under-18 (n = 16) and under-16 (n = 14) age groups performed bilateral and unilateral CMJ as part of their routine pre-season fitness testing. For the magnitude of asymmetry, no significant differences were evident for any metric between tests. However, eccentric impulse asymmetry was significantly greater than mean force and concentric impulse in both bilateral and unilateral tests (p < 0.01). For the direction of asymmetry, Kappa coefficients showed poor levels of agreement between test measures for all metrics (mean force = -0.15; concentric impulse = -0.07; eccentric impulse = -0.13). Mean jump data was also presented relative to body mass for each group. For the bilateral CMJ, significant differences were evident between groups, but showed little consistency in the same group performing better or worse across metrics. For the unilateral CMJ, eccentric impulse was the only metric to show meaningful differences between groups, with the under-18 group performing significantly worse than under-23 and under-16 players. This study highlights that despite the magnitude of asymmetry being similar for each metric between comparable bilateral and unilateral CMJ, consistency in the direction of asymmetry was poor. In essence, if the right limb produced the larger force or impulse during a bilateral CMJ, it was rare for the same limb to perform superior during the unilateral task. Thus, practitioners should be aware that bilateral and unilateral CMJ present different limb dominance characteristics and should not use one test to represent the other when measuring between-limb asymmetries.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 29710
Notes on copyright: This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in: Bishop, Chris; Abbott, Will; Brashill, Calum; Turner, Anthony; Lake, Jason; Read, Paul Bilateral vs. Unilateral Countermovement Jumps, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: June 05, 2020 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003679
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Depositing User: Chris Bishop
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2020 08:15
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 18:25

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