Train the engine or the brakes? Influence of momentum on the change of direction deficit

Fernandes, Rebecca, Bishop, Chris ORCID logoORCID:, Turner, Anthony N. ORCID logoORCID:, Chavda, Shyam ORCID logoORCID: and Maloney, Sean J. (2021) Train the engine or the brakes? Influence of momentum on the change of direction deficit. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 16 (1) . pp. 90-96. ISSN 1555-0265 [Article] (doi:10.1123/ijspp.2019-1007)

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Purpose: Currently, it is unclear which physical characteristics may underpin the change of direction deficit (COD-D). This investigation sought to determine if momentum, speed-, and jump-based measures may explain variance in COD-D.

Methods: Seventeen males from a professional soccer academy (age: 16.76 ± 0.75 years; height: 1.80 ± 0.06 m; body mass: 72.38 ± 9.57 kg) performed 505 tests on both legs, a 40-m sprint and single leg countermovement and drop jumps.

Results: Regression analyses did not reveal any significant predictors for COD-D on either leg. “Large” relationships were reported between COD-D and 505 time on both limbs (r = 0.65-0.69; p < 0.01) but COD-D was not associated with linear momentum, speed- or jump-based performances. When the cohort was median split by COD-D, effect sizes suggested that the sub-group with the smaller COD-D were 5% faster in the 505 test (d = -1.24; p < 0.001) but 4% slower over 0-10-m (d = 0.79; p = 0.33) and carried 11% less momentum (d = -0.81; p = 0.17).

Conclusion: Individual variance in COD-D may not be explained by speed- and jump-based performance measures within academy soccer players. However, when grouping athletes by COD-D, faster athletes with greater momentum are likely to display a larger COD-D. It may therefore be prudent to recommend more eccentric-biased or technical focused COD training in such athletes and for coaches to view the change of direction action as a specific skill that may not be represented by performance time in a COD test.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 29691
Notes on copyright: Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2020, 16(1), 90-96. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
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Depositing User: Chris Bishop
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2020 08:53
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 18:04

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