Leaders or organisations? A comparison study of factors affecting organisational citizenship behaviour in independent hotels

Nazarian, Alireza, Atkinson, Peter, Foroudi, Pantea ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4000-7023 and Edirisinghe, Dilini (2020) Leaders or organisations? A comparison study of factors affecting organisational citizenship behaviour in independent hotels. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 32 (6) . pp. 2055-2074. ISSN 0959-6119 [Article] (doi:10.1108/IJCHM-05-2019-0463)

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Purpose - Managers of independent hotels need to maximise organisational citizenship behaviour among employees to gain sufficient competitive advantage in an increasingly competitive environment so it is important to understand what affects it. To achieve this, our study tests if servant leadership, organisational citizenship behaviour and other related constructs have the same relationships between them in two contrasting parts of the world.

Design/methodology/approach - Survey data were gathered from managers of independent hotels in Spain (451) and Iran (429). Spain was selected because it is a developed country that is a leading destination for tourists. Iran was chosen as a contrast since it is a developing country with a growing tourist industry.

Findings - Our findings show that Spain and Iran demonstrate different patterns of relationships in the selected variables suggesting that Iranians trust their leaders more than the organisational systems while the Spanish trust organisational systems more than their leaders. These results are consistent with Spanish culture having higher individualism than Iranian culture. They are also consistent with Iranian culture prioritising traditional values, such as personal loyalty to managers, and Spanish culture prioritising modern values, such as impersonal rules and objective processes.

Research limitations/implications - Our study suggests leadership and justice affects organisational citizenship behaviour in different ways where modern values prevail compared to where traditional values prevail. It suggests that managers of independent hotels in Iran should follow the example of Spanish hotel managers by adopting more objective and fair procedures while showing that inward investors and expatriate managers in Iran should be aware of the importance of personal leadership style. Further research is needed in different countries and regions to improve the generalisability of our findings.

Originality/value – Our study contributes to the literature on the application of the servant leadership construct, which was developed in the West, to other regional contexts. It also adds to the literature of independent hotels, which are an important yet under-researched part of the hospitality industry.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Marketing, Branding and Tourism
Item ID: 28770
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Pantea Foroudi
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2020 17:12
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 18:30
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/28770

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