Reference curves for a fitness battery developed for children ages 5-12 years in England

Smith, Elizabeth ORCID logoORCID:, Wilkinson, Kate, Wyatt, Steve, Vaish, PK and Miller, Stuart C. (2019) Reference curves for a fitness battery developed for children ages 5-12 years in England. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19 (4) . pp. 1481-1495. ISSN 2247-8051 [Article] (doi:10.7752/jpes.2019.s4215)

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Purpose: Reference curves have already been created for a variety of different physical testing batteries across a number of countries. Due to results differing between countries for the same sex and age, it is important that reference curves are created specific for each country. Therefore, the aim of this study was to provide reference curves for five different fitness tests that assess the core components of health related fitness within children in England. Method: Following institutional ethics approval, parental informed consent and child assent was obtained for a total of 39,199 children aged between 5 and 12 years completed tests for explosive power, agility, hand eye coordination, lower body strength and upper body strength. To calculate reference values Generalised Additive Models for Location, Scale and Shape (GAMLSS) were used.

Results: Reference curves and centiles show differences in performance levels of the fitness tests between sex and age groups. These reference curves and centiles provide age and sex comparisons to enable progress monitoring of children's physical fitness competence within England and comparisons to other countries. Conclusion: Girls are outperformed from a young age group and both upper and lower body strength decreases are seen at ages nine and ten. In physical activity and health related fitness interventions, both girls and boys in Key stage two should be targeted to maintain progression and lessen the gender divide.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Sports Coaching and Education at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 28308
Notes on copyright: © JPES
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Physical Education and Sport Faculty in the Journal of Physical Education and Sport, the final published version is available at: The accepted manuscript is include here with permission granted on 14/10/20
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Depositing User: Lizi Smith
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2019 20:24
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 18:50

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