A 122 fps, 1 MHz bandwidth multi-frequency wearable EIT belt featuring novel active electrode architecture for neonatal thorax vital sign monitoring

Wu, Yu, jiang, Dai, Bardill, Andy, Bayford, Richard ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8863-6385 and Demosthenous, Andreas (2019) A 122 fps, 1 MHz bandwidth multi-frequency wearable EIT belt featuring novel active electrode architecture for neonatal thorax vital sign monitoring. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, 13 (5) . pp. 927-937. ISSN 1932-4545 [Article] (doi:10.1109/TBCAS.2019.2925713)

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Abstract

A highly integrated, wearable electrical impedance tomography (EIT) belt for neonatal thorax vital multiple sign monitoring is presented. The belt has sixteen active electrodes. Each has an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) connected to an electrode. The ASIC contains a fully differential current driver, a high-performance instrumentation amplifier (IA), a digital controller and multiplexors. The wearable EIT belt features a new active electrode architecture that allows programmable flexible electrode current drive and voltage sense patterns under simple digital control. It provides intimate connections to the electrodes for the current drive and to the IA for direct differential voltage measurement providing superior common-mode rejection ratio. The ASIC was designed in a CMOS 0.35-μm high-voltage technology. The high specification EIT belt has an image frame rate of 122 fps, a wide operating bandwidth of 1 MHz and multi-frequency operation. It measures impedance with 98% accuracy and has less than 0.5 Ω and 1o variation across all possible channels. The image results confirmed the advantage of the new active electrode architecture and the benefit of wideband, multi-frequency EIT operation. The wearable EIT belt can also detect patient position and torso shape information using a MEMS sensor interfaced to each ASIC. The system successfully captured high quality lung respiration EIT images, breathing cycle and heart rate.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Active electrode; electrical impedance tomography (EIT); heart rate; integrated circuits; lung respiration monitoring; boundary shape sensing; wearable EIT belt
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 28010
Notes on copyright: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
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Depositing User: Andy Bardill
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2019 22:08
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2020 05:15
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/28010

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