Family migration as a class matter

Kofman, Eleonore ORCID logoORCID: (2018) Family migration as a class matter. International Migration, 56 (4) . pp. 33-46. ISSN 0020-7985 [Article] (doi:10.1111/imig.12433)

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Traditionally, family migration was conceptualized as a separate form of migration from labour migration. Increasingly socio-economic criteria (labour market participation, language competence, financial resources, independence from welfare), have been applied to family migration policies in Europe, and are harder to fulfil by those with a weaker labour market position. Hence class now plays an increasingly significant role in stratifying the right to family migration. The article examines the imposition of minimum income requirements in three countries – the Netherlands, Norway and the UK – and the significance of class in its economic and cultural dimensions in meeting the requirement. For those without sufficient economic capital to meet the requirement, cultural capital may facilitate the development of coping strategies to overcome or reduce the duration of family separation. Class is not the only stratifying element: gender, age and ethnicity interact with and reinforce the effects of class.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Special issue
Research Areas: A. > School of Law > Social Policy Research Centre
Item ID: 27692
Notes on copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Kofman, E. (2018), Family Migration as a Class Matter. Int Migr, 56: 33-46. doi:10.1111/imig.12433, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
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Depositing User: Eleonore Kofman
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2019 19:50
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 19:47

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