Refugees, resettlement experiences and mental health: a systematic review of case studies

Bulik, Karin Juliane Duvoisin and Colucci, Erminia ORCID: (2019) Refugees, resettlement experiences and mental health: a systematic review of case studies. Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria, 68 (2) . pp. 121-132. ISSN 0047-2085 [Article] (doi:10.1590/0047-2085000000235)

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Objective: In 2017 the number of refugees around the world reached 25.4 million. These people make up one of the most vulnerable populations globally. This study aims to understand the strategies refugees used to cope with the impact on their mental health by the difficult pre- and post-resettlement circumstances they encountered.

Methods: A systematic review of articles reporting case studies concerning adult refugees’ experiences in the hosting country. The electronic databases searched were: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science. Eligible manuscripts were examined through a narrative synthesis.

Results: Twenty-two articles fitted the inclusion criteria and four main themes were highlighted: reasons for fleeing; the impact of negative experiences on mental health; supportive experiences and coping strategies; and experiences of mental health treatment.

Conclusions: Refugees present a significant impact on mental health due to pre- and post-migration experiences. The approach offered to this group and reported as the most effective to deal with such an impact was the multidimensional approach that, besides caring for the psychic aspects, contemplated the cultural context of each one, assisted in housing, employment, financial aid, support with learning the new language and social activities.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Psychiatry and mental health
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 27524
Notes on copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Depositing User: Erminia Colucci
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2019 17:22
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2020 08:34

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