Enhanced bacterial inactivation in apple juice by synergistic interactions between phenolic acids and mild food processing technologies

de Oliveira, Erick F., Nguyen, Cuong H., Stepanian, Kayla, Cossu, Andrea ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4086-8640 and Nitin, Nitin (2019) Enhanced bacterial inactivation in apple juice by synergistic interactions between phenolic acids and mild food processing technologies. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 56 , 102186. ISSN 1466-8564 [Article] (doi:10.1016/j.ifset.2019.102186)


This study demonstrated an innovative processing approach based on synergistic antimicrobial activity of two phenolic acids with mild thermal and non-thermal processing technologies. The two selected model phenolic acids were gallic acid (GA; 10 mM) and ferulic acid (FA; 1 mM). The processing technologies evaluated for processing of a model clarified apple juice were UV-A light, mild heat (55 °C) and moderate pressure (250 MPa), with processing times ranging from 1 to 30 min. The results demonstrated that combinations of selected phenolic acids and a mild physical processing were able to lower E. coli O157:H7 and Listeria innocua counts from 6-log CFU mL−1 to below the detection limit of 1-log CFU mL−1. Bacterial inactivation was significantly enhanced by the combination of UV-A light processing and FA, where 10 min of treatment enhanced bacterial inactivation by 5-log as compared to light processing alone, which presented no bacterial inactivation. In contrast, the combination of GA and mild-temperature thermal processing (55 °C) or mild-levels of high-pressure processing (250 MPa), enhanced bacterial inactivation by 4-log as compared to the physical treatments alone, which presented only 1-log of inactivation. The influence of these synergistic combinations on bacterial membrane damage was assessed by selective plating technique under osmotic pressure. Furthermore, the total intracellular thiol content was also measured to assess for thiol oxidation. Overall, the results demonstrated enhanced bacterial inactivation based on synergistic interactions of selected phenolic acids with both mild-thermal and non-thermal technologies in a model food system and illustrate potential to create diversity of novel antimicrobial strategies for food processing.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology
Item ID: 27311
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Andrea Cossu
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2019 10:41
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2019 13:20
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/27311

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