Understanding paternalistic leadership: a guide for managers considering foreign assignments

Sposato, Martin (2019) Understanding paternalistic leadership: a guide for managers considering foreign assignments. Strategy and Leadership, 47 (5) . pp. 47-52. ISSN 1087-8572 [Article] (doi:10.1108/SL-05-2019-0066)

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Many leadership theories currently competing for our attention – for example, authentic leadership, transformational leadership and servant leadership – are familiar models to anyone educated in a business institution that, broadly speaking, follows a Western curriculum. However, as managers who do business globally can attest, human interaction and relations, and especially leadership, are directly linked to culture and cultural expectations. What works for a leader depends to a large extent on his or her organization’s cultural context. For instance, in Scandinavian countries, leaders act more as facilitators, yet in Arab countries leaders are expected to make all decisions, give orders and be obeyed. One of the best known researchers into such national differences in their norms of leadership and followership, Geert Hofstede, identified six dimensions: Power Distance (how power is distributed), Uncertainty Avoidance, Individualism/Collectivism, Masculinity/Femininity, Long/Short Term Orientation and Indulgence/Restraint. All of these are relevant to managers from outside the culture seeking to appreciate its particular expectation of what makes a good leader and a good follower. Failure to recognize how these dimensions determine an organization’s normative behavior will undoubtedly lead to misunderstandings, and perhaps to conflict and poor performance

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Leadership, Work and Organisations
Item ID: 27241
Notes on copyright: This is the accepted version of the manuscript "Understanding paternalistic leadership: a guide for managers considering foreign assignments", published in the journal "Strategy and Leadership" available via the journal site at: https://doi.org/10.1108/SL-05-2019-0066. This article is © Emerald Group Publishing.This author's accepted manuscript version is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial International Licence 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
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Depositing User: Alejandro Sposato
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2019 14:55
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2021 07:00
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/27241

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