People making deontological judgments in the Trapdoor dilemma are perceived to be more prosocial in economic games than they actually are

Capraro, Valerio, Sippel, Jonathan, Zhao, Bonan, Hornischer, Levin, Savary, Morgan, Terzopoulou, Zoi, Faucher, Pierre and Griffioen, Simone F. (2018) People making deontological judgments in the Trapdoor dilemma are perceived to be more prosocial in economic games than they actually are. PLoS One, 13 (10) . e0205066. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0205066)

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Why do people make deontological decisions, although they often lead to overall unfavorable outcomes? One account is receiving considerable attention: deontological judgments may signal commitment to prosociality and thus may increase people’s chances of being selected as social partners–which carries obvious long-term benefits. Here we test this framework by experimentally exploring whether people making deontological judgments are expected to be more prosocial than those making consequentialist judgments and whether they are actually so. In line with previous studies, we identified deontological choices using the Trapdoor dilemma. Using economic games, we take two measures of general prosociality towards strangers: trustworthiness and altruism. Our results procure converging evidence for a perception gap according to which Trapdoor-deontologists are believed to be more trustworthy and more altruistic towards strangers than Trapdoor-consequentialists, but actually they are not so. These results show that deontological judgments are not universal, reliable signals of prosociality.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PLOS via Jisc Publications Router.
** History: collection 2018;
received 19-06-2018;
accepted 19-09-2018;
epub 11-10-2018.
** Licence for this article:
Keywords (uncontrolled): Research Article, Biology and life sciences, Social sciences, Physical sciences, Research and analysis methods
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Economics
Item ID: 25366
Notes on copyright: Copyright: © 2018 Capraro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Depositing User: Jisc Publications Router
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2018 09:50
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 09:27

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