Fundamental care and knowledge interests: implications for nursing science

Granero-Molina, José, Fernández-Sola, Cayetano, Mateo Aguilar, Ester, Aranda-Torres, Cayetano, Román-López, Pablo and Hernández-Padilla, José Manuel ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5032-9440 (2018) Fundamental care and knowledge interests: implications for nursing science. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27 (11-12) . pp. 2489-2495. ISSN 0962-1067 [Article] (doi:10.1111/jocn.14159)

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Abstract

Aims and objectives: The aim of this discursive paper was to characterize the intra-theoretical interests of knowledge in nursing science as an epistemological framework for fundamental care.

Background: For Jürgen Habermas, theory does not separate knowledge interests from life. All knowledge, understanding and human research is always interested. Habermas formulated the knowledge interests in empirical-analytical, historical hermeneutic and critical social sciences; but said nothing about health sciences and nursing science.

Design: Discursive paper.

Results: The paper is organised into five sections that develop our argument about the implications of the Habermasian intra theoretical interests in nursing science and fundamental care: the persistence of a technical interest, the predominance of a practical interest, the importance of an emancipatory interest, “being there” to understand individuals’ experience and an “existential crisis” that uncovers the individual’s subjectivity.

Conclusions: The nursing discipline can take on practical and emancipatory interests (together with a technical interest) as its fundamental knowledge interests. Nurses’ privileged position in the delivery of fundamental care gives them the opportunity to gain a deep understanding of the patient’s experience and illness process through physical contact and empathic communication.

Relevance to clinical practice and nursing research: In clinical, academic and research environments, nurses should highlight the importance of fundamental care, showcasing the value of practical and emancipatory knowledge. This process could help to improve nursing science’s leadership, social visibility and idiosyncrasy.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Adult, Child and Midwifery
Item ID: 22987
Notes on copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Granero‐Molina J, Fernández‐Sola C, Mateo‐Aguilar E, Aranda‐Torres C, Román‐López P, Hernández‐Padilla JM. Fundamental care and knowledge interests: Implications for nursing science. J Clin Nurs. 2018;27:2489–2495. doi:10.1111/jocn.14159, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14159. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving
Depositing User: Jose Hernandez-Padilla
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2017 13:18
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2022 06:08
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/22987

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