The effect of milk on recovery from repeat-sprint cycling in female team-sport athletes

Rankin, Paula, Lawlor, Michael J., Hills, Frank ORCID logoORCID:, Bell, Phillip G., Stevenson, Emma J. and Cockburn, Emma (2018) The effect of milk on recovery from repeat-sprint cycling in female team-sport athletes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 43 (2) . pp. 113-122. ISSN 1715-5312 [Article] (doi:10.1139/apnm-2017-0275)

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The consumption of milk post-eccentric exercise attenuates the effects of muscle damage in team-sport athletes. However, participation in team sport involves both concentric-eccentric loading and metabolic stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of post-exercise milk consumption on recovery from a cycling protocol designed to simulate the metabolic demands of team sport. Ten female team-sport athletes participated in a randomised cross-over investigation. Upon completion of the protocol participants consumed 500ml of milk (MILK) or 500ml of an energy-matched carbohydrate (CHO) drink. Muscle function (peak torque, rate of force development (RFD), countermovement jump (CMJ), 20m sprint, muscle soreness and tiredness, serum creatine kinase (CK), (high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hsCRP) and measures of oxidative stress (protein carbonyls (PC) and GSH:GSSG (oxidized glutathione:reduced glutathione) ratio) were determined pre-, 24h, 48h and 72h post-exercise. MILK had a possible beneficial effect in attenuating losses in peak torque (180 s) from baseline to 24h (3.2±7.8% v -6.2±7.5%, MILK v CHO) and a possible beneficial effect in minimising soreness (baseline-48h; baseline-72h) and tiredness (baseline-24h; baseline-72h). There was no change in oxidative stress following the exercise protocol, though a likely benefit of milk was observed for GSH:GSSH ratio at baseline-24h (0.369 x/÷ 1.89, 1.103 x/÷ 3.96, MILK v CHO). MILK had an unclear effect on all other variables. Consumption of 500ml milk post-repeat sprint cycling had little to no benefit in minimising losses in peak torque, or minimising increases in soreness and tiredness and had no effect on serum markers of muscle damage and inflammation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Nutrition and dietetics, physiology (medical), physiology, endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism, general medicine
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 22612
Notes on copyright: The accepted manuscript is made available in this repository ( in accordance with the publisher's (NRC Research Press (Canadian Science Publishing)) policy:
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Frank Hills
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 10:21
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 20:10

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